Giant jumping rat
Giant jumping rats are the largest rodents in Madagascar and are about the size of a small rabbit. These rodents live in family groups, and are monogamous (having only a single breeding partner). They are nocturnal and only emerge from their complex underground burrows at dusk.
These animals are mostly threatened by habitat loss as areas of forest are cleared for agriculture. Their range is very small, less than 20km squared, and much is being done to help protect these areas of forest. Predation by feral dogs and cats is also an issue.
Despite their name, the Giant jumping rat only jumps when it is startled or scared, but can easily cover distances up to a metre in one bound! They have very large back feet which are specially adapted for jumping, like a kangaroo.